Research papers and projects of Lega del Filo d'Oro

Increasing indices of happiness and positive engagement in persons with profound multiple disabilities
Lancioni G. E., O'Reilly M. F., Campodonico F., Mantini M.

2002 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
Journal of developmental and physical disabilities. riv. n. 14/3 Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. New York

The study assessed the effects of stimulation on indices of happiness and positive engagement in 4 personswith profound multiple disabilities. A strategy of systematic stimulus variation was used for presenting several stimuli. Data showed that indices of happiness were substantially increased in 2 participants and moderately or minimally increased in 2 others, whereas positive engagement was successfully increased in all 4 participants.


Evaluating the use of multiple microswitches and response for children with multiple disabilities
Lancioni G. E., O'Reilly, Singh N.N., Oliva D., Piazzolla G., Pirani P., Groeneweg J.

2002 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
JIDR Journal of intellectual disability research. riv. n. 46/4 Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford

The present study assessed the feasibility of (1) establishing multiple microswitches responses (some of which had not been used before) with two children with multiple disabilities, and (2) maintaining such microswitches and responses in the children's daily contexts. The microswitches were introduced individually and then combined. During the last part of treatment and the follow-up, each child had three microswitches. The data show that both children learned to use all three available microswitches. Moreover, they retained fairly high levels of responding with the microswitches in their daily contexts during follow-up periods of 4 and 6 months.


Impact of stimulation versus microswitch-based programs on indices of happiness of people with profound multiple disabilities
Lancioni G.E., O'Reilly M., Singh N.N., Oliva D., Groeneweg J.

2002 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
Research in developmental disabilities. riv. n. 23/2 Pergamon Press Ltd. New York

This study was designed to assess whether the impact of a microswitch-based program on indices of happiness would be comparable with that of a stimulation program. There persons with profound multiple disabilities participated. The microswitch-based program produced increases in indices of happiness which were fairly clear for the first two participants and quite modest for the third participant. These data were largely comparable with those attained with the stimulation program.


Promoting fluency of performance of self-help tasks with a person with multiple disabilities
Lancioni G.E., O'Reilly M.F., Campodonico F.

2002 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
Behavioral interventions. riv. n. 17/1 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. London

A combination of favourite songs and verbal prompts (automatically delivered through portable technology) was used to promote fluency of performance of self-help tasks in a young man with multiple disabilities. Data indicated that the intervention was effective in reducing the time required by the man to complete the self-help tasks (dressing and washing). A momentary withdrawal of the prompts after about 6 months from the beginning of the study was accompanied by performance deterioration. Implications of the findings are discussed.


Promoting funtional activity engagement at appropiate times with people with multiple disabilities
Lancioni G.E., O'Reilly M.F., Campodonico F., Oliva D.

2002 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
Perceptual and motor skills. riv. n. 94 University of Montana. Missoula

This study was aimed at teaching three persons with multiple disabilities to carry out functional activities at appropriate times independently. To this end, an electronic time system that produced vibratory alarms at preset times and a board with object-cues (instructions for the activities) were used. Data indicated that all three persons learned to perform the scheduled activities at the preset times independent of prompts from staff.


Multiple microswitches for multiple responses with children with profound disabilities
Lancioni G.E., O'Reilly M.F., Oliva D., Singh N.N., Coppa M.M.
2002 - Lega del Filo d'Oro

Cognitive behaviour therapy. riv. n. 31/2 Taylor & Francis Ltd. New York

This study extended the evaluation of multiple microswitches for enhancing different responses in children with profound disabilities. Three microswitches were used for each of the 2 children participating in the study. The microswitches were introduced individually. Eventually, all 3 microswitches were simultaneously available to allow the children a wider range of response opportunities and greater, more differentiated environmental input. The results indicated that both children could respond to each of the microswitches. The simultaneous availability of 3 microswitches promoted high levels of cumulative responding.


A social validation assessment of the use of microswitches with persons with multiple disabilities
Lancioni G.E., O'Reilly M.F., Singh N.N., Oliva D., Marziani M., Groeneweg J.

2002 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
Research in developmental disabilities. riv. n. 23/5 Elsevier Science Ltd. New York

The purpose of this two-part study was to conduct a social validation assessment of microswitches versus interaction/stimulation conditions used with persons with multiple disabilities. In part 1, 32 teacher-assistant trainees were shown video-tapes reporting the use of microswitches versus interaction conditions for six children. In part II, 40 teacher-assistant trainees or classroom aides and 44 rehabilitation staff were presented with video-tapes showing the use of microswitches versus systematic stimulation strategies for four adults. Raters scored the microswitch and the interaction or stimulation conditions on a 7-item questionnaire covering social/emotional and practical aspects. The microswitch condition was viewed as generally more positive than or comparable to the interaction or stimulation conditions.


Using a hand-tap response with a vibration microswitch with students with multiple disabilities
Lancioni G.E., Singh N.N., O'Reilly M.F., Oliva D.

2002 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. riv. n. 30 - United Kingdom

Selecting a convenient response, and a microswitch suitable to it, is critical to successfully introduce students with multiple disabilities to a microswitch-aided programme. This study evaluated the use of a hand-tap response with a vibration microswitch with two students. Both students increased the frequency of the hand-tap response during treatment and maintained such an increase at 3-month follow-up. Procedural issues, practical implications of the findings, and measures for promoting long-term response maintenance/extensions were discussed.


Engagement in cooperative and individual tasks: assessing the performance and preferences of persons with multiple disabilities
Lancioni G.E., O'Reilly M.F., Oliva D.

2002- Lega del Filo d'Oro
JVIB Journal of visual impairment & blindness. riv. n. 96/1 AFB American Foundation for the blind Press. New York

The aim of the study reported here was twofold: 1 to teach four persons with multiple disabilities cooperative engagement (in addition to individual engagement) in useful occupational-vocational tasks and 2 to assess the parsons' performance in and preference between the two engagement situations.


Multiple microswitches for children with multiple disabilities: assessing response maintenance
Lancioni G.E., Singh N.N., O'Reilly M.F., Oliva D.

2002 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
JPBI Journal of positive behavior interventions. riv. n. 4/2 Pro-ed. Austin TX USA

This study assessed the response maintenance of 4 children with multiple disabilities who had previously been exposed to intervention programs that used multiple microswitches. Maintenance checks were carried out in the children's homes or educational settings over periods of 6 to 8 months from the end of the original programs. Data showed that all 4 children retained high levels of responding during the maintenance checks. Such levels were comparable with those achieved during the last section of the intervention programs.


Microswitch clusters to enhance non-spastic response schemes with students with multiple disabilities
Lancioni G. E., Singh N. N., Oliva D., Scalini L., Groeneweg J.

2003 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
Disability and rehabilitation. riv. n. 25/6 Taylor & Francis Ltd. London

The study explored whether the use of microswitch clusters could enhance the performance of correct (non-spastic) response schemes by two students with multiple disabilities. The study started with baseline on the two responses selected for each student. Then, intervention was implemented on the first response. This was followed by new baseline and intervention on the second response. Subsequently, intervention sessions on the two responses were alternated. Post-intervention checks were carried out over periods of 4 and 2.5 months. Both students had an increase in correct response schemes and, conversely, a decline in spastic response schemes. The importance and practicality of microswitch clusters to enhance appropriate responding in students with multiple disabilities were discussed.


Stimulation and microswitch-based programs for enhancing indices of happiness: a maintenance assessment
Lancioni G. E., O'Reilly M. F., Singh N. N., Oliva D., Campodonico F., Groeneweg J.

2003 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
Behavioral interventions. riv. n. 18/1 Pergamon Press Ltd. Exeter

This study assessed whether stimulation and microswitch-based programs maintained their positive impact on indices of happiness over time. Three people with multiple disabilities, who had participated in a study comparing these programs, continued to be exposed to them over a maintenance period of 5 or 6 months. Maintenance data showed that the frequencies of indices of happiness increased or remained unchanged for two participants and declined for the third. The frequencies of microswitch activations were higher for two of the participants and largely unchanged for the other.


Extending microswitch-based programs for people with multiple disabilities: use of words and choice opportunities
Lancioni G. E., Singh N. N., O'Reilly M. F., Oliva D.

2003 - Lega del Filo d'Oro
Research in developmental disabilities. riv. n. 24/2 Elsevier Science Ltd. New York

This study assessed a microswitch-based program in which three request and one choice microswitches were used for two participants with multiple disabilities. The program was then transferred into the participants' daily contexts. Each request microswitch was linked to different stimulation opportunities. Every activation of the microswitch triggered the verbal announcement of one such opportunity that the participant could choice or bypass. The request microswitches were introduced individually and then combined. During the last part of the intervention and the post-intervention checks, all three request microswitches plus the choice microswitch were simultaneously available. Both participants learned to use the microswitches very rapidly. Responding levels were high during intervention and the post-intervention checks carried out in the participants' daily contexts.